Thurgood Marshall became the first black Justice of the Supreme Court in 1967. He was born on July 2, 1908. He attended Lincoln University and the Howard University School of Law. He began a 25 year association with the N.A.A.C.P. and successfully won the Brown Vs. the Board of Education case that ruled that segregated schools were unconstitutional. He was appointed Solicitor General in 1965 and at that time became the highest ranking black government official in history. He was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Johnson in 1967 and served until 2 He retired in 1991 and died on January 24, 1993. He was a frank critic of some aspects of the U.S. Constitution and acknowledged that the document had grown and developed over time to correct and address flaws in its original content.