Eleanor Roosevelt is considered American’s most influential First Lady and one of the twentieth century’s most remarkable social reformers. She was born on October 11, 1884 to a wealthy New York family. She was the niece of Theodore Roosevelt. After being educated at home by private tutors she attended Allenswood Academy where is gained a strong sense of social responsibility. She worked as a volunteer teacher for immigrant children in Manhattan and became an advocate for safer working conditions as part of the National Consumers’ League. She married her fifth cousin Franklin D. Roosevelt on March 17, 1095. She became his strongest supporter and political ally as he rose through the ranks of the Democratic Party with offices in the New York State Senate and a position as Assistant Secretary of the Navy. Eleanor became active in the American Red Cross, the Democratic Party, and the League of Women Voters. She also stood by her husband’s side as he battled polio. She was equally active during his time as Governor of New York as during his time as U. S. President from 1933-1945.
She became his eyes and ears and traveled the country during the Great Depression in search of ways to provide the most immediate help to those in need. She wrote a regular newspaper column and turned the office of First Lady from a ceremonial role of hostess to an active and well -respected position with serious duties and significant impact on the country at large and upon her husband’s polices. She championed the causes of civil rights, the right of women to work in industry and defense, benefits for war refugees, programs to support the arts, and practical relief for the unemployed. After Franklin’s death in 1945, she became a delegate to the United Nations and continued her writing. She worked with the NAACP and President Kennedy’s Commission on the Status of Women. . Eleanor Roosevelt died on November , 1962.